Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer
Gastrectomy for gastric cancer is the surgical removal of all or part of the stomach affected with cancer. Gastric cancer, also known as stomach cancer, is defined as a growth of cancerous cells within the lining of the stomach, forming a tumor. The stomach is a J-shaped organ in the upper abdomen. It is part of the digestive system, which processes nutrients in foods that are eaten and helps pass waste materials out of the body. The top part of the stomach is connected to the esophagus, the bottom of the stomach to the small intestine. A partial gastrectomy is the removal of only part of the stomach. The remaining portion then continues with its digestive role. A total gastrectomy is the removal of entire stomach, the esophagus is connected directly to the small intestine, where digestion now begins. Minimally invasive laparoscopic gastrectomy is a safe alternative compared to open gastrectomy for cancer due to its several benefits.
- During a laparoscopic gastrectomy, 3 to 5 small incisions are made in the abdomen.
- A laparoscope, a telescopic video camera used to see the inside of the abdomen, is inserted through one of these incisions.
- Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas is filled in the abdomen and expanded for easy access and better visibility.
- Images from the camera are transmitted to a large monitor so that your doctor can view the inside of the stomach.
- The television monitor will guide the surgeon to insert miniature surgical instruments through the other incisions.
- Any growths, tumors, or abnormalities in the stomach is visualized, and based on the severity of the gastric cancer, either partial or total gastrectomy is performed.
- The scope and the instruments are withdrawn, and the incisions are closed with a sterile dressing.
- The benefits of minimally invasive laparoscopic gastrectomy include small surgical cuts, minimal pain, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery, reduced scarring, minimal risk of infection, minimal blood loss, and minimal damage to surrounding tissues. You will probably be able to get back to most of your normal activities in a couple of weeks’ time.
- Ask your doctor to know more about minimally invasive laparoscopic gastrectomy procedure.