Colorectal surgery is the surgical removal of all or a part of the colon or the rectum. The colon is another name for the large intestine (bowel). The rectum is the lower part of the large intestine. The colon and the rectum function to store and expel processed food and waste. Some of the common indications of colorectal surgery include colorectal cancer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome, diverticular disease, hemorrhoids, anal fissure, etc. Colorectal surgery may be performed as a minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery or as an open surgery.
- During a laparoscopic colorectal surgery, 3 to 5 small incisions are made in your lower abdomen.
- A laparoscope, a telescopic video camera used to see the inside of the abdomen, is inserted through an incision.
- Images from the camera are transmitted to a large monitor so that your doctor can view the inside of your body.
- Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas is filled in the lower abdomen and expanded for easy access and better visibility.
- The television monitor will guide the surgeon to insert miniature surgical instruments through the other incisions.
- Any growths, tumors, or abnormalities in your colon or rectum is removed accordingly and the healthy ends are reattached.
- The scope and the instruments are withdrawn, and the incisions are closed with a sterile dressing.
- The benefits of minimally invasive laparoscopic colorectal surgery include small surgical cuts, minimal pain, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery, reduced scarring, minimal risk of infection, minimal blood loss, minimal damage to surrounding tissues, and you will probably be able to get back to most of your normal activities in a couple of weeks’ time.
- Ask your doctor to know more about minimally invasive laparoscopic colorectal surgery.