Appendectomy is the surgical removal of the infected appendix either through open surgery or a minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. The appendix is a finger like pouch attached to the large intestine and located in the lower right area of the abdomen. Appendectomy is indicated for appendicitis, a condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and filled with pus due to infection. Minimally invasive laparoscopic appendectomy is the preferred choice of most surgeons due to several benefits it offers.
- During a minimally invasive laparoscopic appendectomy, few small keyhole incisions (1 to 3) are made in the lower abdomen.
- A laparoscope - a flexible fiber-optic lighted instrument attached with a camera - is introduced into the abdomen through one of the keyhole incisions.
- A harmless carbon dioxide gas is pumped into the abdomen for better visualization of the internal structures through the laparoscope.
- Small miniature instruments are inserted through the other incisions.
- The high-intensity camera attached with the laparoscope provides an enlarged image of the patient’s internal organs on a television monitor.
- The surgeon looks at the TV monitor and guides the specialized tools to remove the infected appendix.
- The scope and the instruments are withdrawn, and the incisions are closed with a sterile dressing.
- The benefits of minimally invasive laparoscopic appendectomy include small surgical cuts, minimal pain, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery, reduced scarring, minimal risk of infection, minimal blood loss, minimal damage to surrounding tissues, and you will probably be able to get back to most of your normal activities in 1 to 2 weeks’ time.
- Ask your doctor to know more about minimally invasive laparoscopic appendectomy.